Misconduct In Public Office

Report of the People Covid Enquiry (see article below for the background and scope of the enquiry)

On Wednesday 1 December 2021, the People’s Covid Inquiry (PCI) organised by Keep Our NHS Public (KONP) presented its finished report. In the absence of a formal official public inquiry into the pandemic, the PCI began in February 2021 and concluded hearings in June. It covered all aspects of the government’s handling of the pandemic and heard testimony from a wide range of people and organisations including previous government advisors and key academics, as well as frontline workers and bereaved family members. The Inquiry was chaired by renowned human rights barrister, Michael Mansfield QC. In the report, a panel of experts delivered the findings and recommendations on all main aspects of the pandemic to date.

Key findings included:

1. The depleted state of the National Health Service and other public services prior to the pandemic was a determining factor in poor outcomes and led to avoidable deaths.

2. The government was poorly prepared for the pandemic and moved too slowly, which led to avoidable death.

3. The government adopted the wrong strategy leading to loss of life and growing mistrust in its advice.

4. The government’s poor record on inequalities put the most vulnerable at risk from illness and death from Covid-19.

5. There is a case to be made for a criminal charge of misconduct in public office.

Michael Mansfield QC sums up:

This People’s Covid Inquiry report is unequivocal – dismal failure in the face of manifestly obvious risks…This Inquiry performed a much-needed and urgent public service when the nation was hit by a catastrophic pandemic coincident with an unprecedented period of democratic deficiency. It afforded an opportunity for the beleaguered citizen to be heard; for the victims to be addressed; for the frontline workers to be recognised; and for independent experts to be respected. When it mattered most and when lives could have been saved, the various postures adopted by government could not sustain scrutiny.’

‘It was plain to Keep Our NHS Public (the organisers of the People’s Covid Inquiry) that Government words were bloated hot air, hoping to delay and obfuscate. Within this narrative lies a theme of behaviour amounting to gross negligence by the Government, whether examined singularly or collectively. There were lives lost and lives devastated, which was foreseeable and preventable. From lack of preparation and coherent policy, unconscionable delay, through to preferred and wasteful procurement, to ministers themselves breaking the rules, the misconduct is earth-shattering.’

The ‘Summary’ document includes the Executive Summary, Findings & Recommendations, the Post-inquiry Postscript chapter, and Appendices.

Download the summary here

The full report is 226 pages and has details from all 9 sessions in 8 chapters. 

Download the full report here

The report received good press coverage and is listed on the PCI site at ‘Press’:



1. ‘Misconduct in Public Office – Why did so many thousands die unnecessarily?’ 

The People’s Covid Inquiry report and exec summary: https://www.peoplescovidinquiry.com/

2. press coverage of the report launch: https://www.peoplescovidinquiry.com/press

3. video of the Report Launch 1 December: https://youtu.be/S56rrfgFWFg

4. and KONP website post  https://keepournhspublic.com/misconduct-in-public-office/

The Inquiry was also covered in the British Medical Journal:

1. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/02/24/john-puntis-we-need-a-peoples-covid-19-inquiry-now/

2. Sixty seconds on . . . a covid-19 inquiry. BMJ 2021; 373 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n952 

3. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/07/23/peoples-covid-inquiry-how-prepared-was-the-nhs/

4. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/07/01/peoples-covid-inquiry-how-did-the-uk-government-respond/

5. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/05/01/peoples-covid-inquiry-did-the-uk-government-adopt-the-right-public-health-strategy/

6. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/07/23/peoples-covid-inquiry-impact-on-the-population-families-social-care-and-disabled-people/

7. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/08/27/peoples-covid-inquiry-impact-of-covid-on-frontline-staff-and-key-workers/

8. https:/ /blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/08/27/peoples-covid-inquiry-inequalities-and-discrimination/

9. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/09/06/peoples-covid-inquiry-profiteering-from-the-peoples-health/

10. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/09/06/peoples-covid-inquiry-impact-of-the-pandemic-on-the-population-families-nhs-staff-and-mental-health/

11. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/10/15/peoples-covid-inquiry-what-must-happen-now

12. Governments and public trust: a public covid inquiry that reported quickly could shape response to the third wave. BMJ 2021; 373 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n1667 

People’s Covid Enquiry

This article explores the background and scope of the enquiry

Keep Our NHS Public has embarked on this extremely important work in the face of the government’s deliberate delay and obfuscation around a full public enquiry into its handling of the Covid-19 pandemic. A statement about the People’s Covid Enquiry is appended below with links to all the sessions.

The People’s Covid Inquiry has been launched in England by Keep Our NHS Public, an organisation with groups in cities all around the country, campaigning for the National Health Service to be re-established on the basis of its founding principles, providing comprehensive services free at the time of use, publically provided and financed, and accountable to the public. A key aim is to remove private companies and the market in health care as well as restoring the extensive cuts in funding over the last decade and boosting current funding to meet demand.

Why now?

In mid-March 2021, the total of excess deaths from COVID-19 in the UK since the start of the pandemic exceeded 126,000, giving us the highest number of deaths in relation to population. We believe the shocking scale of this tragic loss of life was avoidable and that we all deserve to know how and why this happened. The Government has thus far failed to learn from its mistakes and has not agreed to a public inquiry other than at some unspecified point in the future; this is despite considerable pressure in some sections of the press, bereaved families, the medical profession and from many others. While we continue to support the calls for an official public inquiry, the scale of the ongoing crisis led us to believe that we had to launch our own ‘People’s Covid Inquiry’. This held its first of nine two-weekly on-line sessions on 24th February.

The People’s Covid Inquiry aims to examine the events of the pandemic and look at them in the context of the state of the NHS and social care at the outset, from January 2020. Both the successes and the failures are being explored. The purpose is that the right lessons can be learned given the likely protracted nature of the current pandemic, together with the certainty of future pandemics. It is also important that the government is held to account for its actions by the public before recent history is rewritten or swept aside. We already have our Health Secretary (Matt Hancock) wrongly claiming there was never any shortage of Personal Protective Equipment for health workers, and that the amazing vaccination rollout by NHS staff somehow represents a triumph not for public services but for the private sector. Meanwhile, official bodies such as the National Audit Office and the Public Accounts Committee continue to tear into government for mismanagement and misuse of public funds.

How will the Inquiry work?

The Inquiry will look at the extent to which the NHS, including public health, would have been enabled to respond differently if it had been properly funded and wholly in public hands. It will examine issues of health inequalities, community and GP services, mental health, disability, social care, health and safety at work, the extent to which at risk sectors of society have been protected or let down, and much more. The evidence gathered will provide the basis for conclusions and recommendations on the provision of health and social care in the UK, including the future funding and organisation of the NHS and the urgent need for a national service for care, support and independent living.

Our People’s Covid Inquiry is comprised of various forms of evidence gathering, as well as collation of already existing work done by other bodies. We are working with Bereaved Families for Justice and have launched new surveys of NHS staff and frontline workers, commissioning video testimonials from ordinary people as well as experts. We feel it is essential that those affected by the pandemic have their voices heard and a record added to our Inquiry archive from up and down the country. The sessions are broadcast live via social media and then made available as a recording.

The renowned Human Rights lawyer, Michael Mansfield QC is chairing the Inquiry. Each session covers a different aspect of the pandemic (see below) and is held on-line for two hours. Two expert and two citizen witnesses provide written testimony in advance, and are then questioned on this by a barrister for the Inquiry. The evidence is heard each session by a panel consisting of senior academics and clinicians. Filmed testimony from people presenting their experience of the pandemic is also made available to the panel, which at the conclusion of the Inquiry will complete a report on its finding and the lessons to be learned. The Inquiry has already attracted very high profile figures to give testimony including internationally known experts. In addition, it has given a voice to those who have been bereaved, frontline workers and other impacted by this disaster.


  • Conclusions. What will the future be?

Closing statement

The huge death toll in the UK has been described as ‘social murder’ and demands a timely investigation into government management of the pandemic. With 126,000 deaths, those left bereaved require answers; lessons learned and applied could reduce the ongoing death toll (for example re-organising ‘test and trace’ so that it is made effective). The government needs to be held to account for its actions but currently refuses to respond to the growing pressure from a wide cross section of opinion for a comprehensive official inquiry. Civil Society faced with what are perceived as serious crimes perpetrated by governments, has devised the concept of a “Citizen’s Tribunal” – part legal proceedings, part theatre and part publicly speaking “truth to power”. This is the basis for our ‘People’s Covid Inquiry’.

Dr John Puntis

Co-chair Keep Our NHS Public

Please consider donating to the costs of the Inquiry: https://www.crowdfunder.co.uk/peoples-covid-inquiry